Innumerable Bedbugs!

Have you ever thought of bedbugs making your home as their? Well, thinking about them will make your skin crawl and feel you a little bit anxious. Psychological trauma evolves in certain individuals which are victimized by bed bugs. Physical symptoms such as skin infections can also be seen in individuals because of bed bugs. Basically, they can take a toll on your health even though they are not well known to cause diseases. So it’s necessary to know about the bed bugs before they make mess at home. A best way to know about them is their life cycle.
So, let’s dive into it!
Tiny, oval shaped, brownish insects which live on the blood of animals  or humans are known as bedbugs. The flat bodies of adult bedbugs are around the size of an  apple  seed. Their bodies swell after eating. Each day, an adult bed bug will lay one to five eggs.  Within 6 to 10 days,  these eggs hatch at room temperature. A female bedbug can lay about hundreds of eggs over a lifetime. Bedbugs do not fly, but over floors, walls, and ceilings.

they can travel easily. Before reaching maturity, immature bedbugs are called as nymphs. They shed their skin five times and need a meal before each shedding. The bugs will grow completely in as little as a month under favorable conditions and produce three or  more generations per  year. Via luggage, clothes, used beds and couches, and other objects,  they can enter your home undetected. Their flattened bodies allow them to  fit into small spaces. They lay their eggs where blood can be available easily and the place which is undisturbed. i.e.  they can lay their eggs near bed frame or they can simply enter through the mattress if any crack is present. If the immature bedbugs get to feed more often they can become adults soon. Usually June and July months are peak time for bedbugs as they multiply faster in humidity. They do not have nests like ants or bees but they live in clusters where no one can catch them easily. As they are more active in night they bite people while sleeping and then crawl away easily so no one can notice them. They can spread through neighborhood as their population is continuously growing.

Let’s have a look on some articles of their infestation!

Bed bugs modify micro biome of homes they infestation

North Carolina State University | July 15, 2020

Microbes can affect indoor air quality. So NC State entomologists Coby Schal and Madhavi Kakumanu wanted to learn more about the micro biomes of bed bugs, whether bed bugs can shape the microbial community in homes they infest, and whether eliminating bed bugs changes the micro biome of homes that were once infested. The study, held in an apartment complex in Raleigh, compared the micro biomes of bed bugs with the micro biomes in the household dust of infested homes as well as the micro biomes in apartments that had no bed bugs. Nineteen infested homes were studied over the course of four months; seven were treated with heat to eliminate bed bugs after the initial sample was taken, while 12 infested homes were treated after one month. These homes were compared with 11 homes that had no bed bugs. The results showed similarities between the micro biomes of bed bugs and the dust-associated micro biomes of infested homes, mostly through the presence of Wolbachia, a symbiotic bacterium that comprises the majority of the bacterial abundance in bed bugs. Bed bug and infested home micro biomes differed significantly from the microbial communities of uninfected homes. The study also showed that, after bed bugs were eliminated; infested home micro biomes gradually became more like those in homes without bed bugs.

Bed Bugs On the Rise, Despite Covid-19, New Study Suggests

Forbes | August 1, 2020

A new study concluded this week that bed bugs were such a problem in France that they now pose a national health hazard. The creatures have been on the rise globally but in the past decade, bed bugs have proliferated–they are now found in every U.S. state and countries across Europe have seen huge infestations, notably Paris. At the beginning of 2020, the French Union for Pest Control stated that, “France’s bed bug problem has seen the number of cases go from 180,000 to 400,000 in just two years”. The French government website states that they arrived in France in the 1950s with the advent of international travel and have proliferated because of their increasing resistance to insecticide. It says that bedrooms and living rooms are predominantly more affected.

Apart from these bedbugs can cause health complications like sleep deprivation and anemia from loss of blood. Although the bites are itchy, and often require over-the-counter treatment to relieve the itchiness. If you suspect you may have an infestation, don’t worry we are here to help!

C Tech Corporation has found an ecofriendly solution for it. The product is called TermirepelTM. Company believes to provide uncompromising quality products to the customers and this product is an excellent insect repellent which is extremely low toxic, extremely low hazardous in nature.
TermirepelTM is made with a mechanism such that, the product temporarily blocks the mating cycle of these insects and causes feeding disruption by creating a discomfort within the insects. The product weakens the ability of insects to reproduce which means, female insects will not lay eggs and laid eggs will be infertile. The product disturbs the release of vital hormones which are essential for insects to grow. 
TermirepelTM is available in various forms such as masterbatch, paint additives, wood polish furniture, lacquer, spray and bird repellent gel lacquer.

The wood polish additive can be applied directly over the furniture or wooden article to prevent the infestation. The lacquer can be directly applied on the wooden surface such as attics, wooden fences, pipes etc. to protect it from insect damage. The spray can be used on the wooden articles and furniture and mattresses to repel the insects.

Liquid concentrate can be applied to the interiors and exteriors of homes, building structures, ceilings, gardens, farms, outhouses, etc. to repel insects from the areas required. In order to maintain the ecosystem, this product will keep the insects away rather than killing them.

Also TermirepelTM is RoHS, RoHS2, RoHS3, EU-BPR, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

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Blister Beetle: The Invincible Insect

The menace of Blister beetles is alarming. These centimetre long, brightly coloured insects have been known to create problems for us humans, our livestock as well as other insects apart from the extensive damage they do to our crops and plantations. They belong to the family of Meloidae, a plant-feeding group of insects.

These pesky little blister beetles get their common name from the fact that when they come in contact with our skin, they cause red, painful blisters on them. These blisters are the result of the presence of a chemical, cantharidin, which is a defence toxin present in the beetles. This toxin is very dangerous to cattle like horses, sheep and cows and can also be fatal in higher concentrations.

Their main diet source are cultivated plants. Crops like alfalfa, potato, beetroot, tomato and corn are among their most preferred. They gorge on the leaves of plants and cause loss of crops due to defoliation. They are generally found near the perimeters of plantations and croplands, greedily munching on the leaves and tender flowers. Because of their tendency to attack in groups, the damage incurred after an attack by blister beetles is huge and reclamation of crops is extremely difficult.

What makes these beetles extremely tricky to control is that, even after they are dead, their toxins remain active. This makes the use of pesticides against them fruitless because dead blister beetles are just as dangerous as live ones. If animals accidentally end up eating or coming in contact with the dead beetles, they can be severely injured. Horses are especially sensitive towards catharidin with only as much as 4-6 gms of dead beetles being lethal for them, if ingested. The extent of damage caused to the animals can range between short-term poisoning, difficulty in digestion and even death. This is dependent upon the amount of catharidin consumed. Also, because of their potent toxins, they do not have any natural predators that can be introduced to control the insects in the case of an infestation. This makes blister beetle pest management strategies extremely difficult to draft.

The reporting of such incidents, though rare, are very horrifying.

Small, toxic beetles kill 14 horses on Wisconsin ranch
Monday, January 13th 2020, 11:58 AM CST

Steady rains over the summer in Wisconsin caused Cindy Kanarowski-Peterson to purchase six semi-tractor trailer loads of hay from South Dakota and Wyoming farms after the hay at her ranch became unusable. After thinking her problems were solved, disaster struck.
  As the Wisconsin State Journal reports, 14 of her horses were killed by blister beetles. The blister beetle is a bug, that when crushed, secrets a deadly toxin. The beetles also sickened another 100 horses on the ranch. With the infestation making that hay unusable, the ranchers are looking all over the region to keep their 110 horses fed.
  Kanarowski is attempting to warn other ranchers about the dangers of blister beetles. The ranch has an insurance policy of loss of harvested hay due to a fire or tornado, but it does not cover blister beetles.
  Initially, Kanarowski thought the first cases were just colic, but as the problems grew she began to think it was bad grain. Once two of the horses were necropsied they were found to have holes in their stomachs, which is what caused their deaths, according to a local veterinarian. The horses who survived have a good shot at making a full recovery.
  Kanarowski set up a GoFundMe campaign with a goal of $50,000 to keep her horses fed and the veterinarian bills. As of Monday, 454 people have donated nearly $24,000 to the campaign.

Blister beetle infestation in North-eastern Colorado

Large swarms of three striped blister beetles were reported from Phillips County in northeaster Colorado.  Adults emerge from the soil throughout the growing season (May through September), but periods of peak activity vary with the species. Most species are more abundant in July and August. After emergence, adult blister beetles are strongly attracted to alfalfa and other blooming hosts. Adult feeding generally is not significant enough to warrant intervention. However, the presence of blister beetles in fields at harvest, particularly those species that feed in swarms or aggregations, is a concern for producers.
    Blister beetles are a serious concern for hay producers and livestock owners because they produce a defence chemical called cantharidin that is toxic to livestock. Although most deaths associated with cantharidin consumption are reported in horses, cattle and sheep also are susceptible. Symptoms of cantharidiasis include blisters on the tongue and in the mouth, colic, diarrhoea, blood or intestinal lining discharge in stools, and problems with urination or bloody discharge in urine. If blister beetle poisoning is suspected, contact a veterinarian immediately.
    The cantharidin content of blister beetle species varies and thus the risk of livestock losses varies with the type of blister beetle and the size of the animal. Moreover, male blister beetles have a higher concentration of cantharidin than females. Modern hay harvesting practices (e.g., hay conditioners) are believed to have increased blister beetle mortality and to trap blister beetles in hay.
    In addition, cantharidin oil is released when adults are crushed and can contaminate hay even if the adult blister beetles are not present. Wheel traffic over mowed forage, crimping and cutting activity are the primary factors responsible for blister beetle mortality at harvest, whereas raking and baling have been shown to dislodge dead beetles from hay. Visual inspection of baled hay to detect blister beetles is difficult and will not reveal the presence of cantharidin oil.

Though these bugs might seem undefeatable, it can still be combatted very effectively! CTech Corporation has the perfect solution for tiresome pests like blister beetles and countless others. Termirepel™, our green insect repellent will help to drive away the beetles from your gardens, thus eliminating the fear of its toxin being present anywhere near your precious crops or livestock.  

Termirepel™ is an eco-friendly, non-toxic, non-hazardous, non-carcinogenic, non-mutagenic insect and pest aversive. It repels the undesired insects by employing temporary mating cycle hindrance and disrupting its feeding. This happens because the product triggers an extremely unpleasant reaction in the insects who try to eat it and leads to temporary discomfort. When consumed, Termirepel™ blocks vital hormones required for reproduction in the insects. This leads to temporary infertility in them. The insects remember this uncomfortable feeling and associate the smell and taste of the product, leading them to develop an aversion to the product and stay away from everything that is treated with it.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of a spray, liquid concentrate, lacquer, wood polish additive, and masterbatch.

The lacquer form can be applied on fences and wiring around the farms and gardens, thus cancelling the possibility of an infestation. Polymer incorporated with the masterbatch can be used to make containers for storage of produce after harvesting, to prevent infestation after harvest. Films amalgamated with the masterbatch can also be used to cover the plants and crops.

All of these applications will drive away the insect far away from your farms and you can rest assured knowing that there will be no beetles or their toxins anywhere around your farm, produce or livestock.   

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