Brown marmorated stink bug are sporadic pests of most deciduous tree fruits and can occasionally cause severe damage. The name stink bug comes from the insects’ habit of exuding a fluid, which has a strong and usually disagreeable odor, from glands between the legs.
The brown marmorated stink bug is an agricultural pest that can cause widespread damage to fruits and vegetable crops. In Japan it is a pest to soyabean and fruit crops. In the U.S., the brown marmorated stink bug feeds, beginning in late May or early June, on a wide range of fruits, vegetables, and other host plants including peaches, apples, green beans, soybeans, cherries, raspberries and pears. It is a sucking insect, a “true bug” that uses its proboscis to pierce the host plant in order to feed.
This insect has done severe losses in some apple and peach orchards by damaging them. Stink bugs also have been found feeding on blackberry, sweet corn, field corn and soyabeans. In neighboring states, they have been observed damaging tomatoes, lima beans, and green peppers.
These insects can produce allergic reactions in some individuals who are sensitive to the bugs’ odor (an aeroallergen). These chemicals are produced by dorsal scent glands. Individuals sensitive to the odors of cockroaches and lady beetles are also affected by the stink bug. Additionally, if the insects are crushed or smashed against exposed skin they have been reported to produce dermatitis at the point of contact. This is particularly important regarding agricultural workers picking fruits and vegetables.
Since its arrival in the United States, it has caused millions of dollars of damage to several economically important crops, including vegetables, fruits, nuts, ornamentals and row crops. Additionally, it can be an extreme nuisance in and around buildings.
The article below would better explain the damage caused by these insects.
The brown marmorated stink bug is a new Florida pest
Unfortunately, the brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) is a new invasive pest in Florida. First specimens of the pest in Leon County were collected by scientists at the Center for Viticulture and Small Fruit Research at Florida A&M University in June of this year on chestnut and persimmon trees. The pest was later confirmed by Susan E. Halbert of Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry.
Since its introduction into Allentown, Pennsylvania, in the mid-1990s, the pest has spread to at least 46 states. The species is native to Eastern Asia and can feed on over 300 different plants.
Management options for this invasive insect are currently limited. Agricultural setting management relies on chemical control. Brown marmorated stink bug is susceptible to several widely used insecticides but they are ecologically harmful to both target and non-target species. Leaching of these insecticides in the ground causes soil pollution and also reduces the fertility of the soil.
C Tech Corporation, an Indian based company has come up with a novel solution to deal with such problems. Termirepel™ is an aversive for termites and insects. It has unique qualities which range from being non-toxic and non-hazardous to being “ECO-FRIENDLY”. Aggressive species are further deterred from attacking by advanced mechanisms like aversion, feeding deterrents, mating disruption, reproduction cycle inhibition, growth impairment and chemo sterilization thus modifying their response towards the Termirepel™ containing products resulting in them staying away from the application. Thus, Termirepel™ actually helps in modifying insect behavior. It does not harm or kill the insect but just repels them away from the application.
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